Sandvik 304 (Plate and sheet)
Datasheet updated 2012-08-03 09:30:35 (supersedes all previous editions)
Sandvik 304 is an austenitic chromium-nickel steel.
- ASTM 304
- UNS S30400
- EN number 1.4301*
- W.Nr. 1.4301
- DIN X 5 CrNi 18 10
- SS 2333
- AFNOR Z 6 CN 18.09
- BS 304S31
- JIS 304
Chemical composition (nominal) %
Forms of supply-finishes and dimensions
Plate & sheet
Plate & sheet are delivered in the solution annealed and pickled condition.
Sheet may be supplied as annealed and pickled, polished or in the bright-annealed condition
The size ranges available are given below Sizes in Stock.
At 20°C (68°F)
|Proof strength||Tensile Strength||Elong.|
1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
Hardness 201(Brinell) 92 (Rockwell B)
|Temperature, °C||W/m °C||Temperature, °F||Btu/ft h °F|
|Temperature, °C||J/kg °C||Temperature, °F||Btu/lb °F|
|Temperature °C||Per °C||Temperature °F||Per °F|
1) Mean values in temperature ranges (x10-6)
|Temperature °C||MPa||Temperature °F||ksi|
Sandvik 304 has good resistance in
- Organic acids at moderate temperatures
- Salt solutions, e.g. sulphates, sulphides and sulphites.
- Caustic solutions at moderate temperatures
Pitting and crevice corrosion
The steel may be sensitive to pitting and crevice corrosion even in solutions of relatively low chloride content. Molybdenum-alloyed steels have better resistance improves with increasing molybdenum content.
Stress corrosion cracking
Austenitic steels are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. This may occur at temperatures above about 60°C (140°F) if the steel is subjected to tensile stresses and at the same time comes into contact with certain solutions, particularly those containing chlorides. Such service conditions should therefore be avoided. Conditions when plants are shut down must also be considered, as the condensates which are then formed can develop conditions that leads to both stress corrosion cracking and pitting.
In applications demanding high resistance to stress corrosion cracking we recommend the austenitic-ferritic steel Sandvik SAF 2304. See data sheet S-1871-ENG.
Sandvik 304 can be used in
- Air up to 850°C (1560°F)
- Steam up to 750°C (1380°F)
- Synthesis gas (ammonia synthesis) up to about 550°C (1020°F).
Creep behaviour should also be taken into account when using the steel in the creep range.
In flue gases containing sulphur, the corrosion resistance is reduced. In such environments the steel can be used at temperatures up to 600-750°C (1110-1380°F) depending on service conditions. Factors to consider are whether the atmosphere is oxidising or reducing, i.e. the oxygen content, and whether impurities such as sodium and vanadium are present.
Plates are normally delivered in heat treated condition. If additional heat treatment is needed after further processing the following is recommended.
850-950°C (1560-1740°F), cooling in air.
1000-1100°C (1830-2010°F), rapid cooling in air or water.
The weldability of Grade 304 is good. Suitable welding methods are manual metal-arc welding with covered electrodes and gas-shielded arc welding with the TIG and MIG methods as first choice. Preheating and post-weld heat treatment are not normally necessary.
Since the material has low thermal conductivity and high thermal expansion, welding must be carried out with a low heat input and with welding plans well thought out in advance so that the deformation of the welded joint can be kept under control. If, despite these precautions, it is foreseen that the residual stresses might impair the function of the weldment, we recommend that the entire structure be stress relieved. See under Heat treatment.
As filler material for gas-shielded arc welding we recommend wire electrodes and rods Sandvik 19.9.L or 19.9.LSi. In manual metal-arc welding covered electrodes Sandvik 19.9.LR or 19.9.LRHD are recommended. If flux cored arc welding is preferred, electrodes Sandvik 19.9.LT or 19.9.LVT should be used.
Annealing after cold bending is not normally necessary, but this point must be decided with regard to the degree of bending and the operating conditions. Heat treatment, if any, should take the form of stress relieving or solution annealing, see under heat treatment.
Hot bending is carried out at 1100-850°C (2010-1560°F) and should be followed by solution annealing.
Sandvik 304 is used for a wide range of industrial applications. Typical examples are: tanks, reactors, hoppers, rail wagons, structural members, food processing and medical equipment etc. in the transport, chemical, petrochemical, fertilizer, pulp and paper and nuclear power industries, as well as in the production of pharmaceuticals, foods and beverages.
Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Sandvik materials.